Paganini Niccolò

Paganini – Sheet music of the works of Niccolo Paganini (Genoa, October 27, 1782 – Nice, May 27, 1840) was a violinist, composer and Italian guitarist, one of the most important exponents of Romantic music. Various transcriptions for strings, solo violin and piano and other instruments.

From a very young age Niccolo Paganini learned from his father the first music notions on the mandolin and, later, was addressed, always by his father, the violin. In his life, Paganini traveled Italy three times, making himself applauding in numerous cities. The first of these cities was Milan in 1813, at age 31, October 29, at the Teatro Carcano. Critics hailed the first violinist in the world. Here in the space of several years gave 37 concerts, in part at La Scala and in part to Carcano.Nel March 1816 triumphed in lanciatagli challenge by Charles Philippe Lafont and two years later he repeated the triumph in a confrontation with Karol Lipiński. In the 70 century Schubert Hamburg, Ricordi and Schott published a few titles. The rest lay unpublished in Achilles house but did not find other publishers. Then all was silent until in 1908 the Achille Paganini heirs decided to sell to the state of the unpublished manuscripts collection. The government commission charged with examining the manuscripts gave a negative opinion, so they were not purchased. In 1910 the manuscripts were bought at auction by Leo Olschki who sold it to a collector of Cologne Wilhelm Heyer for his museum and became de facto impossible to view. The auction included all the manuscripts except residues 3 concertos for violin and orchestra of five then known. Some manuscripts belonging or not belonging to the auction were published in the early decades of the century. In 1922 the Vienna Universal Edition he published several pieces for violin and piano. The publisher Zimmermann of Frankfurt am Main in 1925 printed 26 compositions for solo guitar. In 1926 another auction gave the manuscripts to Fritz Reuther, a Mannheim collector. In 1935 he fell to Schott and in 1940 to Ricordi. Always Schott, in 1952, pulling it from Reuter collection published several pieces for violin and piano. Zimmermann in 1955 sent him to release important chamber works taken from the posthumous collection. Some compositions were published in Germany and Spain in 1956/57. In 1970 and 1971 the Bèrben Ancona published some unpublished for violin and guitar. In 1971 the Italian government acquired 90 manuscripts, and since 1972 the Italian Institute for the History of Music has, slowly, slowly, began the publication of the unpublished. They are now at the Casanatense Library of Rome.
In the early 90s of the twentieth century it was found the archive of violinist and composer Camillo Sivori in which there are 23 Paganini’s compositions, some of which are not suspected to exist. On behalf of the municipality of Genova the prof. Maria Rosa Moretti and Anna Sorrento in 1982 drew up the “Thematic Catalogue of music by Paganini” hence the term “M.S.” officially assigned to his opere. Attualmente catalog exceeds 130 opus numbers.

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